New PDF release: An Equal Start?: Providing Quality Early Education and Care

By Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart, Jane Waldfogel

Early early life schooling and care has turn into a vital coverage difficulty in lots of international locations, and as companies extend it can be crucial to ascertain even if youngsters from deprived backgrounds obtain equitable providers. In An equivalent Start? specialists from 8 countries—the usa, the uk, Norway, France, the Netherlands, Germany, New Zealand, and Australia—examine how early schooling and care is equipped, funded, and controlled of their respective international locations. they provide updated images of the entry to companies, delivering wealthy insights into how regulations play out in perform and the results at the provision of prone to deprived young children. jointly they exhibit a few universal tensions and complexities that many nations face in making sure that early schooling and care is cheap, obtainable, and of the top attainable quality.

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Extra info for An Equal Start?: Providing Quality Early Education and Care for Disadvantaged Children

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For example, the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) curriculum in England covers all providers catering for nought to fives, irrespective of whether they receive public funding. Third, in all nations there is a system of regular government inspection. 2 reports statutory requirements regarding group size, staffto-child ratios, and staff qualification requirements for England. Two things are immediately clear. First, there are effectively no minimum requirements for staff working with very young children.

Most notably, PVI inspections are shorter and are conducted by staff with lower levels of experience and training than Ofsted school inspectors. By contrast, inspections carried out by the education inspectorates in Scotland and Northern Ireland are comparable across types of settings, because the same group of inspectors assesses provision in PVI settings and schools. In both nations, maintained provision is generally found to be of better quality (Education Scotland, 2012, p 9; NIAO, 2009, Figure 9).

The latter covers spending exclusively for families (for example, family outreach). Spending on other social policy areas such as health and housing is not included. Data presented in the final row differs from the OECD social expenditure database as it takes direct taxes into account. 4) spending per child looks similar in the two countries, it will be higher in $PPP terms per child in Norway (as indeed is reflected in the table’s bottom line, which shows significantly higher spending in Norway as a share of gross domestic product, GDP).

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