By Eugene A. Lovelace
Provided during this quantity is a dialogue of present literature and theoretical concerns in relation to 3 features of late-life age-related cognitive swap. first of all, facts concerning getting older and the fundamental psychological approaches of cognizance, motor regulate, reminiscence, language, problem-solving, and intelligence are awarded. Secondly, the function of non-public qualities resembling character and self-efficacy within the getting older of cognitive functionality are constructed, besides self-awareness of cognitive approaches and age adjustments within the tracking of those methods. Thirdly, attention is given to the learn of interventions to hold up or remediate the cognitive declines of getting older.
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Extra resources for Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions
However, it was some years later before what was apparently the first study to test for age differences in accuracy of frequency judgments appeared (Freund & Witte, 1978). With the advent of automaticity theory and the relevance of adult age differences to the validity of that theory, interest in adult age differences increased greatly, and a number of aging studies have been published in the past ten years. Part of this interest undoubtedly reflects the importance of identifying and understanding those memory processes that are age insensitive as well as those that are age sensitive (Salthouse, 1988).
The episodic information conveyed by tasks of this kind is presumed to be encoded by cognitively effortful processes that diminish greatly in proficiency from early to late adulthood. By contrast, memory for frequency of occurrence is commonly presumed to be encoded by automatic memory processes that are largely, if not entirely, unaffected by aging. Hasher and Zacks (1979, 1984) proposed that the basic distinction between effortful and automatic encoding processes is in terms of the role played by a limited capacity attentional system.
In J. E. Birren & K. W. ), Handbook of the psychology of aging (pp. 384-420). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Craik, F. I. , & Byrd, M. (1982). Aging and cognitive deficits: The role of attentional resources. In F. I. M. Craik & S . ), Aging and cognitive processes (pp. 191-212). New York: Plenum Press. Craik, F. I. , & Lockhart, R. S. (1972). Levels of processing: A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, I I , 671-684. Craik, F. I. , & McDowd, J. M. Age differences in recall and recognition.