By Ronald K. Hambleton, Peter F. Merenda, Charles D. Spielberger
Adapting academic and mental exams for Cross-Cultural evaluation seriously examines and advances new tools and practices for adapting checks for cross-cultural evaluate and study. The overseas try fee (ITC) guidance for try out variation and conceptual and methodological matters in try out variation are defined intimately, and questions of ethics and difficulty for validity of try rankings in cross-cultural contexts are rigorously tested. Advances in attempt translation and model technique, together with statistical id of unsuitable attempt goods, developing equivalence of alternative language types of a try, and methodologies for evaluating assessments in a number of languages, are reviewed and evaluated. The e-book additionally makes a speciality of adapting skill, fulfillment, and character exams for cross-cultural review in academic, commercial, and scientific settings. This booklet furthers the ITC's project of stimulating learn on well timed themes linked to review. It offers an exceptional source for classes in psychometric equipment, attempt building, and academic and/or mental overview, checking out, and size. Written by means of across the world recognized students in psychometric tools and cross-cultural psychology, the gathering of chapters must also offer crucial info for educators and psychologists considering cross-cultural overview, in addition to scholars intending to such careers.
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Additional resources for Adapting Educational and Psychological Tests for Cross-Cultural Assessment
Rogers, H. J. (1991). Fundamentals of item response theory. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Hambleton, R. , & Slater, S. C. (1999). Field-test of the ITC guidelines for adapting educational and psychological tests. European Journal of Psy chological Assessment, 15(3), 270-276. Harkness, J. ). (1998). Cross-cultural equivalence. Mannheim, Germany: ZUMA. Holland, P. , & Thayer, D. T. (1988). Differential item performance and the Mantel-Haenszel procedure. In H. Wainer & H. I. ), Test validity (pp. 129-145).
Sireci (1997) provided a discussion of the prob lems and issues in linking multilanguage tests to a common scale. Woodcock and Munoz-Sandoval (1993) provided an example of test score linking of cross-language tests using IRT. See also subsequent chapters in the book. 7. 7 Test developers/publishers should apply appropriate statistical techniques to (a) establish the equivalence of the language versions of the test, and (b) identify problematic components or as pects of the test that may be inadequate in one or more of the in tended populations.
1 Effects of cultural differences that are not important to the main purposes of the study should be minimized to the extent possible. Rationale/Explanation. There are many factors affecting crosscultural/language comparisons that need to be considered whenever two or more groups from different language/cultural backgrounds are compared, especially when a test is being developed or adapted, or scores are being interpreted. However, often it is necessary that some of these factors are not merely taken into account, but that practical steps be taken to either minimize or eliminate the unwanted effects of these factors on any cross-cultural/ language comparisons that are made.