New PDF release: A Grammar of Savosavo

By Claudia Wegener

This is the 1st accomplished description of Savosavo, a non-Austronesian (Papuan) language spoken through nearly 2,500 audio system on Savo Island, Solomon Islands. according to basic box info recorded via the writer, it offers an summary of all degrees of grammar. additionally, a whole bankruptcy is devoted to nominalization of verbs through one specific suffix, which happen in a few buildings starting from lexical to syntactic nominalization. The appendix offers glossed instance texts and an inventory of lexemes.

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As Clark and Yallop (1995: 123) say, “there is a close relationship between palatal articulation and affrication”, occasionally resulting in different analyses of the same sound as an affricate or a stop. Also, Benjamin (1985: 8) notes for Aslian languages in southeast Asia that “the palatal stop consonants c and j, when immediately preceding a vowel, produce a degree of friction as the tongue pulls away from the palate; the intensity of friction varies from speaker to speaker”. I therefore decided to follow Todd’s analysis and regard it as a palatal stop with a fricative release.

Phonology So the general rule for identical vowel sequences resulting from the attachment of suffixes or enclitics is that they merge into one vowel. There is one exception to this rule: if the stem is monosyllabic, the vowels do not merge, but an epenthetic vowel is inserted between the stem and the suffix. There are no monosyllabic stems ending in /e/ or /i/ which could take the respective suffixes, but there are two monosyllabic verb stems ending in /a/, ba ‘come’ and ka ‘move bushwards / go ashore’.

I therefore decided to follow Todd’s analysis and regard it as a palatal stop with a fricative release. Both analyses can account for the phonetic realizations, but treating it as an affricate would mean adding a further manner of articulation to the phoneme inventory and be less economical. The fact that the phoneme discussed here is commonly prenasalized like all other voiced stops and that there is a corresponding palatal nasal supports our analysis, as it leads to a balanced phoneme inventory which for all nasals has stops at the same place of articulation (see Maddieson (1984: 13) “[n]asal consonants do not occur unless stops (including affricates) occur at (broadly speaking) the same place of articulation”).

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