By National Geographic
Someday in overdue October 2011, the 7 billionth citizen of planet Earth can be born. To mark the development, nationwide Geographic journal commissioned seven articles that discover the interesting issues—including demographics, nutrients defense, weather swap, fertility traits, coping with biodiversity—surrounding this subject, that are accrued for the 1st time during this exact booklet.
Environment editor Robert Kunzig begins by means of sketching out a normal background of inhabitants. the problems linked to inhabitants development look unending: poverty, nutrition and water provide, international health and wellbeing, weather switch, deforestation, fertility premiums, and extra. in more chapters Elizabeth Kolbert explores a brand new era—the “Anthropocene,” or the age of man—defined by way of our immense influence on this planet, in order to suffer lengthy after our towns have crumbled; and takes us to the Mediterranean, the place she delves into concerns linked to expanding ocean acidification. In Bangladesh, Don Belt explores how the folk of this crowded sector can train us approximately adapting to emerging sea degrees. In “Food Ark” we trip deep in the earth and all over the world to discover the seed banks which are conserving the range of nutrition species we may have to extend nutrients construction on an more and more crowded planet. In Brazil, Cynthia Gournay explores the phenomenon of “Machisma” and indicates how a mixture of lady empowerment and steamy cleaning soap operas helped carry down Brazil’s fertility expense and stoke its vivid economic climate. also we discover threats to biodiversity, and the go back of cities—which could be the option to a lot of our inhabitants woes. subscribe to nationwide Geographic in this great trip to discover our speedily starting to be planet.
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Additional info for 7 Billion: How Your World Will Change
According to Kanter, if these women had been in high-level positions, they would have exhibited behaviours and traits appropriate to those holding higher positions. Kanter stressed that the token representation of women in managerial roles had contributed to gender stereotyping, and believed this stereotyping would decrease if the proportion of women in managerial positions rose (see Heilman, 1980, as the first example of a study substantiating Kanter’s thesis). The gender context perspective The third perspective is inﬂuenced by three streams of research: gender stereotyping, gender numerical proportions and gender-ascribed social status (Falkenberg and Rychel, 1985; Marshall, 1984; Schneer, 1985); conceptually these streams can be combined into one perspective.
7). Attention has focused in both the scholarly and the popular literatures on the reasons for the diﬃculties women had in reaching executive ranks. Theoretical perspectives and empirical findings 39 One focus of attention has been the cultural and social system of business. Business has been characterized as inherently patriarchal, a system and culture which entails values and norms devaluing women, even when they adopt those masculine norms and values (see Marshall, 1984; Powell, 1993, Vilkinas, 2000); Powell (1999) says ‘women’s presence in top management positions violates the societal norm of men’s higher status and superiority to a greater extent than women’s presence in lower-level management positions’ (p.
We now examine the research related to women in a number of professions. Professional Women Academics A major early study of academic women (Bernard, 1966) found that there had been active discrimination against women, including famous women such as the anthropologists Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead. Women who had received doctorates from prestigious universities tended to be 42 Successful professional women of the Americas employed in low-status or low-prestige schools, compared with their male counterparts, and their rank and salary were lower.